The Future of Blockchain Infrastructure: 3 Novel Approaches to Scaling Transactions

MV Global
7 min readMay 24, 2023



As we hurtle through the digital age, the blockchain universe grapples with a crucial conundrum: How do we scale effectively without compromising decentralization? The term “blockchain trilemma” was coined by Vitalik Buterin, the creator of Ethereum, to outline the fundamental difficulties that blockchain developers encounter. The trilemma suggests that it’s hard to create a blockchain system that is at once decentralized, has the capacity to scale effectively, and maintains a high level of security. According to Buterin’s viewpoint, inherent compromises must be made when designing blockchain systems, making it nearly impossible to fully realize all three objectives at the same time.

Certain blockchain platforms, such as Algorand, assert they’ve overcome this trilemma. However, with a limited network of only 120 relay nodes, it’s doubtful that Algorand could be viewed as a legitimate solution to this complex issue. Turning to the recent Ethereum Merge, one might suggest that it’s just another example of a trade-off. In this case, it seems that the quest for scalability has led to potential sacrifices in both decentralization and security.

In the quest for web3 parity, we explore three innovative answers to this challenge: Solana’s state compression for NFTs, Lens’ Momoka for handling high-frequency actions, and AltLayer’s flash layers for on-demand execution. Join us as we navigate this riveting journey, diving deep into the potential of these groundbreaking approaches in carving the future of the blockchain landscape.

The Quest for Web3 Parity

Source: Midjourney

Before we look in more detail at Solona, Lens and AltLayer let’s first look at the current state-of-play.

In the emerging landscape of Web3, the reduction in minting costs represents a pivotal shift in the decentralization paradigm. It holds profound implications for creators, developers, and everyday users alike. The lower the barriers to entry, the more vibrant, diverse, and accessible our shared digital future becomes. It invites broader participation, triggering a surge of creativity and innovation akin to the birth of the Internet itself. Yet, it’s not the reduction in cost alone that stokes this powerful transformation, but the ripple effects it sets in motion.

This seismic shift illuminates the importance of composability — the ability for crypto-native assets to interact and build upon one another. Just as Lego bricks connect to create boundless structures, crypto assets, through interoperability, unleash an array of financial possibilities that transcend traditional boundaries. Greater composability doesn’t just mean more seamless integrations; it means a more fluid and dynamic financial system, where assets are not siloed but harmonized, multiplying the potential value for every participant in the network.

Such composability and reduced minting costs converge to fuel the success of crypto-native assets. But their triumph extends beyond individual gain. It’s the broader ecosystem that truly reaps the rewards. Each successful asset acts as a beacon, drawing more users, developers, and innovators into the Web3 space, contributing to a self-reinforcing cycle of success.

Web3 isn’t just about creating new kinds of value. It’s about transforming the way we perceive and interact with that value. It’s about unlocking the potential that lies dormant within our current systems, and paving the way for a more open, more equitable digital future. The quest for Web3 parity thus stands as a clarion call to the entire crypto community — a rallying cry for us all to join together in reimagining and reshaping the digital world.

The Competitive Landscape


Customizability: A comparison of the three solutions.

When it comes to customizability, Solana’s cNFTs shine with their capacity for data reduction and innovation, giving artists unprecedented freedom in the creation of NFTs. Lens’ Momoka, meanwhile, is tailor-made for high-frequency actions, offering a niche solution for specific use cases. AltLayer’s flash layers take a broader approach, offering adaptable layers for varied computation needs.

Composability: How each solution affects interoperation of assets.

Solana’s cNFTs maintain their compatibility with the broader NFT ecosystem, allowing seamless interoperation of assets. Momoka improves composability within the Lens ecosystem, though its impact on interoperation across different platforms is yet to be fully evaluated. AltLayer’s flash layers, by facilitating off-chain computations, have potential to enhance composability, subject to successful asset interoperability implementation.

User Experience: An examination of the user experience provided by each solution.

All three solutions aim to improve transaction efficiency. Solana’s cNFTs, with their reduced data footprint, provide a snappy, responsive experience. Momoka, with its focus on high-frequency transactions, offers a smooth ride for users in the fast lane. AltLayer, by mitigating network congestion, promises a frictionless experience.

Cost-Effectiveness: A comparison of transaction execution costs.

Solana’s cNFTs lead the pack with significantly lower minting costs. Momoka, while efficient, maintains the Lens ecosystem’s standard transaction costs. AltLayer, with its on-demand execution layers, holds potential for substantial cost savings, particularly for high-volume users.

Throughput: A comparison of the throughput capabilities of each solution.

This critical factor in any blockchain solution, sees each contender with its strengths. Solana’s cNFTs benefit from the underlying network’s high-speed blockchain. Momoka optimizes Lens’s throughput for high-frequency actions. AltLayer’s flash layers boost throughput by offloading computations, mitigating congestion.

Solutions on the Table

Solana NFT Compression: Redefining State Efficiency


State compression is a revolutionary innovation in the world of NFTs and Solana’s implementation has been nothing short of a game-changer. It works by decreasing the amount of data required to represent an NFT, thereby enhancing efficiency and reducing costs. The result is a new form of NFT, aptly named Compressed NFTs, or cNFTs.

The uptake of cNFTs has been rapid and impressive, capturing a significant share of the bustling NFT market. The market’s enthusiasm for cNFTs isn’t surprising given the tangible cost benefits. A comprehensive cost analysis reveals that cNFTs provide meaningful savings compared to traditional NFTs, both in terms of minting and transaction costs. These savings combined with Solana’s blazing-fast blockchain result in a potent mix that has sent ripples across the industry.

Lens’ Momoka: A Focus on High-frequency Actions


In the Lens ecosystem, an innovative solution called Momoka has emerged. Designed to handle high-frequency actions, Momoka adds a new layer of efficiency and scalability to the Lens platform. The system leverages its unique design to process high volumes of actions simultaneously, thereby reducing bottlenecks and improving user experience.

In terms of cost and transaction speed, Momoka is a heavyweight contender. Its high-frequency design allows it to handle numerous transactions at lightning-fast speeds, all while maintaining relatively low costs. This efficiency, coupled with its seamless integration into the Lens ecosystem, makes it a compelling option for users seeking speed without compromise.

AltLayer’s Flash Layers: Execution Layers on Demand


AltLayer is carving its niche with the introduction of flash layers. This innovative concept allows for the creation of execution layers on demand, providing a versatile solution to blockchain scalability. By allowing for off-chain computations, flash layers have the potential to drastically reduce congestion and, by extension, mitigate high minting costs.

Performance-wise, AltLayer’s flash layers have shown promising results. Their on-demand nature enables them to handle a high volume of transactions, increasing overall blockchain throughput. Yet, their most compelling feature remains their potential to offset minting costs. This aspect alone has positioned AltLayer as a platform worth watching in the pursuit of Web3 parity.

Conclusion: Reflections and Expectations

As we stand on the brink of a broader adoption of Web3, advancements from Solana’s cNFTs, Lens’ Momoka, and AltLayer’s flash layers are crucial in tackling the blockchain trilemma. Solana’s cNFTs have introduced a higher level of state efficiency, a vital requirement for a scalable and secure blockchain. Momoka, from Lens, focuses on facilitating high-frequency actions, crucial for a decentralized and scalable network. Lastly, AltLayer’s flash layers offer adaptable execution layers, emphasizing the importance of security and decentralization in a scalable system.

These innovative solutions are catering to distinct needs within a growing and diverse ecosystem, and are expected to meet strong market demand. However, the evolution of the Web3 landscape requires us not only to acknowledge these trailblazing solutions but also to anticipate the inevitable emergence of additional infrastructure technologies. In this competitive environment, where innovation is the key to success, these advancements are playing a significant role in addressing the blockchain trilemma and are paving the way for a dynamic and transformative future for blockchain technology.